If you have started building an extension on your property and have since received a letter from a Party Wall Surveyor instructing you to stop – it can be a frightening wake up call. This is what happened in the case illustrated by the following photographs. Works have now stopped.
Philip Antino is an experienced Party Wall Surveyor that understands that sometimes home owners lack knowledge about their statutory obligations to inform their adjoining neighbours about their building works.
The fact is, there are rules that govern and protect property owners from having buildings built on their land or too close to their boundary line. The bottom line is that if you are creating any of the below structures, it is probable that you would need the services of a Party Wall Surveyor like Philip.
- Kitchen extension
- Side extension
- Double storey extension
- Loft conversion
- New roof
- Garden walls
The main purpose of hiring a Party Wall Surveyor is to protect everybody’s properties. What you do not want is for works to go ahead that are clearly too close to your home that could cause internal, external or foundation damage.
The role of a Party Wall Surveyor will assess the proximity of the desired works in relation to the boundary line and ensure that any damage or movement that could occur, is documented. If it is found that the building works are too close, works would need to stop.
Under the Party Wall etc, Act 1996, the following actions are prohibited:
• Excavating below or near to the foundation level of an adjoining neighbour’s property
• Building on an existing boundary line
• Building on a wall, on or across the party wall line of two properties
• Doing building work to an existing boundary line or party structure
The fact that you have received notice from your neighbour may mean one or more of the following things:
• That they feel that your works are trespassing on their land
• That you have failed to serve a Party Wall Notice
• That you have caused damage to their property
• That you have disrupted the enjoyment of their land
As a result, they will have been in touch with a Party Wall Surveyor (like Philip Antino) who has assessed the situation and seen that there has been a breach or breaches of the Party Wall Act. A Party Wall Injunction, will have been served on you.
This is a court order to stop a building owner from continuing their works. Until both parties have reached an agreement under the Party Wall etc. Act 1996, building works will cease. Serving a Party Wall Injunction is not a trivial matter and may end up costing you a lot of money.
So, if you are reading this blog, and know that the works taking place on your home is occurring without having appointed a Party Wall Surveyor – instruct your builders to stop right now! Give Philip Antino a call on 01245 490 019 today.
Philip Antino is an experienced Party Wall Surveyor with over 20 years experience and can issue Party Wall Notices, Injunctions and serve as an Expert Witness to building matters that are being disputed.
Having building works done to your property, can be simultaneously exciting and nerve racking. It’s exciting to think and dream about what it will be like using your new space and nerve racking when thinking through the logistics you have to put in place before work starts.
There’s a lot to consider! Part of that consideration, must also include the neighbours.
Unfortunately, Philip Antino, has seen far too often this oversight occur when adjoining neighbours are ignored and not served party walls until after works have begun. The result can mean friendships become strained or broken or an injunction is obtained by the adjoining neighbour to get the works stopped.
This can all be avoided if a party wall notice is served to your neighbour in a timely fashion. The process forms part of the Party Wall etc, Act 1996 and hiring the party wall services of Antino and Associates will give you clarity and peace of mind.
Do I have to give my neighbour a party wall notice?
If you have not received anything from your neighbours before works commence – get in touch with Antino and Associates today so that we can briefly discuss your case and arrange a site inspection.
The easy answer is, yes! If the works you are undertaking is likely to affect the party wall you have to serve written notice at least two months before any building work begins. If it is your intention to undertake excavation work, you must give your neighbour one month’s written notice.
As mentioned before, if you fail to serve a party wall notice, your neighbour could take the matter to court and obtain an injunction to get your works stopped. To avoid unnecessary complications, Philip Antino advises hiring a Party Wall Surveyor before building work starts. If through lack of knowledge or ill-advice, this has not taken place, a Party Wall Surveyor can still be hired to assess whether or not there has been a breach and help put the process back on track.
My neighbour started building work last week and I knew nothing about it. What should I do now?
Under the Party Wall etc, Act 1996, there are sections that cover certain acts of work. If the work of your neighbour involves any of the following, that section should be prepared and served on you in an appropriate time as I discussed earlier.
• Section 1 building a new wall on, or across, the line of junction
• Section 2 boundary wall
• Section 2 Party fence wall
• Section 2 External wall
• Section 3 Party Structure Notices
• Section 4 counter Notices
• Section 6 (1) 3m notices for excavations
• Section 6 (2) 6m notices for excavations
• Section 10 (4) Notices
• Section 10 (8) Notices
• Section 10 (1) (a) Party Wall Awards
• Section 10 (1) (b) Party Wall Awards
• Prepare and serve Third Surveyor Party Wall Awards
• Section 10 (11) advice
• Section 12 (1) advice
If you have not received anything from your neighbours before works commence – get in touch with Antino and Associates today so that we can briefly discuss your case and arrange a site inspection.
I don’t agree with the Party Wall Notice that my neighbour has served me. What should I do now?
After being served notice, you have 14 days to respond.
In the case that you are happy with the work and agree to this in writing – work can commence immediately. If, however, you dissent to the proposed work the matter will require the appointment of surveyors.
The surveyors will produce an award if you are unhappy with this, you will need to outline your reasons for appealing the notice at a county court. This is called filing an appellant’s notice. If you choose to take this course of action, you must do so within 14 days of receiving your party wall notice. Please take legal advice before doing so.
Still unsure about what to do next? Get in touch with Philip Antino for a one-to-one chat about next steps. Looking for a party wall surveyor in Basildon? Have a party wall issue in Braintree? Serving a party wall notice in Walthamstow? Or are you in need of a party wall surveyor in Havering? Our staff travel across South Essex, North Essex, East London, Norfolk, Cambridge and the rest of the UK.
Undertaking building work of any kind, within the home, can be an exciting and nerve-wracking time. There’s plenty to think about and organise both pre and post build. Taking expert advice from Philip Antino will help you avoid the pitfalls of current legislation such as the Party Wall etc Act 1996.
On your to do list should be:
Managing your budget
Have you thought about how your budget will stretch for the exterior AND interior aspects of the build? It’s important to allocate funds to the interior finish, accessories and furnishings so that the new part of the house can be lived in as soon as possible.
Also, try and keep a handle on where your money is going right from the start. Building an extension can quickly start to haemorrhage money, if careful project management isn’t undertaken.
Hiring expert help
Even if you are prepared to undertake some of the building work yourself, or take on the role of project manager, it is inevitable that you will need to hire expert help for some aspects of the project. Philip Antino has the expertise to offer guidance with regard to hiring professionals in the following remit:
Architectural designs can help with getting the most out of your space and creating a plan of how you want your new area to look. Philip Antino’s practice can assist with these.
Building control can be hired to oversee constructions and ensure that they are built in accordance with Building Regulations and associated legislation. Philip Antino has extensive contacts with approved Building Control.
You can find more information by clicking on these links:
Builders are hired to undertake the construction of the build.
Interior designers can be appointed to get the perfect finishing touches to your soft furnishings and co-ordinate colours to get the best look possible for your new room/s.
The role of a Party Wall Surveyor
Philip Antino is a leading authority on the Party wall act with two published books.
In the case of informing your neighbour about the building works you are about to undertake, the professional required to do this is called a Party Wall Surveyor.
If your property lies within a certain distance to the party wall of your adjoining neighbours it is a legal requirement to notify them of what you are doing. As Philip Antino advised, The Party Wall etc. Act 1996 is there to provide a process that allows certain works to be executed whilst protecting the neighbour’s property rights.
During the construction of a building it is possible that a neighbouring structure may incur some negative impact. As a result, a Party Wall Surveyor may be employed to provide that protection in a written format. This is called a Party Wall Notice.
Party Wall Notice
A Party Wall Notice is a legal document (prepared by a Party Wall Surveyor) that outlines the works you intend to carry out. If those works are in close vicinity to the party wall or boundary wall of your adjoining neighbours, the Notice will inform them about what will take place.
Getting the timing right of when to serve a Party Wall Notice, is also important, so make sure you hire a Party Wall Surveyor before your start your project. Your adjoining neighbours need two months written notice on building works which affect a party wall or boundary, and a month’s notice for excavations.
There are three types of notice:
• Line of Junction
• Party Structure and
• Notice of Adjacent Excavation
Provide Philip Antino with drawings and he will be able to tell you which type of Notice your building project requires.
It’s imperative that you do not ignore your statutory obligation of serving a Party Wall Notice on your neighbour for the following reasons:
1. Undertaking building works without a party agreement is against the law
2. Your neighbour may obtain an injunction and force you to stop works
3. The costs incurred from such action could have profound financial consequences
Philip Antino and his experienced staff have dealt with over 2,000 party wall matters over 22 years, so you will be in safe hands. We fully understand that the construction process for domestic residents can be a minefield of new (and sometimes confusing) information and we are there to ease your burden – not add to it.
If you need further advice you can contact Philip Antino by phone, email or completing a form.
We have Party Wall Surveyors in and across Essex, South East London, Norfolk and Cambridge.
Get in touch if you require a:
There are usually two reasons as to why you would need to instruct a Party Wall Surveyor. The first is if you are in the process of extending or altering an area of your property. This could include:
• Converting your loft space
• Altering a roof
• Adding an extension (wrap around, single storey, double storey or rear)
• Adding a conservatory
• Altering a fence or garden wall or
• Creating a swimming pool
Are you currently dreaming about having your kitchen knocked through and extending into a dining/living room open space area? Or does the thought of converting your loft into another bedroom mean that the kids will finally stop bickering about who sleeps on the top bunk? Wherever you are in the thinking/planning process, it’s a good idea to know that securing the services of a Party Wall Surveyor will need to form part of your budget.
If you are further down the line with getting your project off the ground and already have an architect drawing up your plans, it’s vital that you speak to a Party Wall Surveyor. They can advise you whether or not the proposed work is covered by The Party Wall etc. Act 1996.
You will need to give your adjoining neighbours notice of your work that is going to take place and it’s crucial that we are instructed – at least three months before you plan to start work. This will ensure that all statutory Party Wall processes are finished to avoid delaying the works.
The Party Wall etc. Act 1996 offers protection to property owners when building work is being undertaken in close proximity to one another. If you live in a busy area of the UK with no room to extend out the back, to the side or to go up in the loft – digging down could be an option. Excavations are covered by the Act, so get in touch if you plan on creating a new basement area for your home.
Once we have established that your works do require our services, we will provide you with a report that outlines the notices that will need to be serviced and to whom. A Party Wall Notice is a written document that is given to the neighbours affected by the works. At least two months for building works to the party wall and one month for excavation work.
If you choose to ignore your statutory obligations, you could find yourself in the position where your neighbour objects to your works and takes the matter to court. The result? You receive an injunction and have to stop all works on your project. The costs associated with this can be eye-wateringly expensive, so do the right thing and instruct a Party Wall Surveyor today.
This point leads to the second reason why a Party Wall Surveyor is instructed. If you come home one day and find a skip outside your neighbours home and evidence of internal work going on that may affect your party wall – then get in touch.
Builders should know of the impact of The Party Wall etc. Act 1996. If the works they are undertaking directly affects a party wall they should inform their clients of this fact. Unfortunately, we are all too aware of rouge builders ignoring this duty. People are ready to hire them and they too are ignorant of their statutory duty.
The staff at Antino and Associates are able to offer advice on what your responsibilities/obligations are as well as explaining your requirements in relations to the party wall procedure. In addition to undertaking a site inspection, we are happy to assist in any way. So give us a call on 01245 490 019, so that we can take care of your boundary matter today!
My neighbour has built an extension up to the boundary of our property, we now want to extend too. Can we use their external wall to build upon?
If you are currently looking out of your window, watching your neighbours’ extension being built, you may be wondering if the dreams you have for building an extension of your own has been dashed. Well all is not lost. It often happens that when someone extends their property, it gets neighbours on the street thinking and saving to get the same or similar works done.
The Party Wall Act (“PWA”) is there to help property owners realise their dreams, especially where a wall has been built on the boundary. This issue is a common occurrence for the team of Party Wall Surveyors at Antino and Associates to address.
If this scenario sounds familiar and you would like more information on next steps – then get in touch. Our Party Wall Surveyors will briefly discuss your case before arranging to come and visit your property at a time that suits you. Once on site, we will assess the area and discuss your project with you in more detail – all before you incur architects’ fees for producing a scheme that actually cannot be built.
Hypothetically speaking, without seeing the exact dimensions of the property, you can build your foundations up to the boundary with your adjoining neighbour. Whilst, you are allowed under section 1(6) of the PWA to project the foundations across the boundary onto your neighbour’s side. This, is however, subject to one specific condition. The projection has to be necessary.
If your architect produces drawings where the foundation projects across the boundary, and it can be shown that is not necessary, then the drawings will have to be changed. It is irrelevant if the planning and building regulations have approved the scheme, they cannot override the statutory procedures.
Dependent upon your Local Council regulations, planning permission may be required. Official permission can sometimes be required when existing building works has something new built on it.
How can a Party Wall Surveyor help?
Following an inspection of the site in question, our Party Wall Surveyor will issue your neighbour with a Party Wall Notice. In England and Wales, adjoining neighbours must be informed of your building intentions if you want to carry out any building work near or on your shared property boundary, or ‘party wall’. If you are carrying out works governed by the Party Wall Act, etc 1996 you will need to serve a Party Wall Notice on your neighbours.
To clarify, the Party Wall Act includes:
- undertaking building work to an existing party structure or party wall
- excavating below or near to the foundation level of neighbour’s property
- creating a new structure across or on the boundary of two properties
The following list gives further detail of what notifiable works means:
- excavating below the foundation level and or an adjoining owners’ structure which
includes patios, driveways, fish ponds, drains, sheds & garage bases and
- cutting into a party wall
- knocking down and rebuilding a party structure
- increasing or reducing the height of a party wall
- taking away, from a party wall, the chimney breasts.
Dependant Notice must be served either at two months before the notifiable works to the party wall begin, and at least one month before the notifiable excavation works begin. Notifiable work is either building work which affects a party wall or boundary line, or excavations within three or six metres of a neighbouring property (depending on the depth of the foundations you are making).
This will include most extensions and basement and loft conversions. You need to serve notice on all the owners of every neighbouring property affected by the works, both freeholders and leaseholders.
We also recommend letting your neighbour know of your plans, in person, so as to help maintain friendly and open lines of communication. They will experience some of the pain of the work without enjoying the benefits, so it is crucial to keep them informed and on side.
They will also be bombarded by Ambulance chasers once your planning application has been submitted to the council.
They paint a bleak picture of what the works will mean and emphasise the possibility of damage being caused. They seek an appointment with the view of obtaining payment from you as the person undertaking works. I.e. suggesting a non-win fee basis but this is often not the case. Ambulance chasers should be avoided at every opportunity.
Getting your scheme wrong will delay your build and increase the costs of your project. Failure to comply with the Party Wall Agreement will result in your neighbour taking you to court and obtaining (at your expense) an injunction to prevent you from continuing with the work.
Getting it right will provide (forgive the pun) the foundations for a smooth build.
So why not get your building works off to the right start? Get in touch with the Party Wall Surveyors at Antino and Associates today on 01245 490 019. We offer affordable and competitive prices that will allow you to achieve your dreams.
There are a number of factors to consider before answering this question. If we assume that prior to the work commencing a Party Wall Notice was received, this document should outline the following:
- The type of work that is to be carried out
- The schedule of the work that is to be carried out, including time frames
- An account of the repair, or condition, of your property prior to the start of any works
- If relevant, an outline of works that is to be carried out on your property
The Party Wall award should also refer to costs and compensation that may be awarded to you in the event of damage incurred because of the works that has taken place.
To be clear, a Party Wall Notice is an important legal document that makes up part of the Party Wall etc. Act 1996 process and does in fact starts the process running. This act is in place to serve as a means to protect property owners when certain building works take place that impact on neighbouring properties. The Notice is issued by the property (Building) owner undertaking the building works.
When the works are to the party wall the Adjoining (neighbouring) owners should be in receipt of this notice at least two months prior to the start of building works. It is in everyone’s best interest if a Notice is served earlier as it allows time for any issues or disputes to be resolved. Because Notices are only valid for one year, some thought has to be given as to when it is served. You do not want the notice to expire before works has started.
The Party Wall etc. Act 1996 can cover building work for loft conversions, new roofs, extensions, conservatories, fences, basements and garden walls. It is important to hire the services of an experienced and professional Party Wall Surveyor to prepare and serve the correct notices.
I have received a Party Wall Notice from my neighbour, what should I do next?
If it is your belief that the crack has appeared as a direct result of your neighbours building works, the first thing you should do is re-read your Party Wall Notice. Check if there is a clause within it that permits a final inspection by your Party Wall Surveyor. Relay to him your concerns and he will assess whether or not the actual work is outside the remit of the authorised Notice. If his inspection reveals that the work was not permitted and/or is the cause of the crack in your garage, the building owner will be in breach of the award.
If this is the case, the Act sets out how the surveyor will deal with this problem, and how it will be addressed. You can request payment in cash for the repairs.
So, do I need to talk to my neighbour about this?
Your appointed Party Wall Surveyor is the first point of call and will be able to cast their expert eye over the cracks and make an assessment as to the cause. If it transpires that your neighbours’ building works have caused the cracks, he will notify the neighbours surveyor (unless appointed as an agreed surveyor) and be instructed to rectify the works or pay you in cash. Alternatively, you can use your own contractor, if that is what you prefer.
Disputes over building works can cause animosity and put a strain on the relationships between neighbours. Talking to your neighbour about your concerns, may help ease tensions and reduce potential costs (or could inflame them) if the problem is not quickly resolved. In the event that an agreement is still not reached, between the two surveyors, then a referral to the third surveyor may be necessary. His role would be to adjudicate upon the situation which would add a further expense.
If this question relates to a situation that you are experiencing at the moment, then get in touch today on 01245 490 019. Our team of expert Surveyors are experienced at dealing with a wide variety of party wall issues and we can be appointed in the capacity of: Agreed Surveyor, Adjoining Owners Surveyor and Building Owners Surveyor, if the works have not yet started. If you feel that your Surveyors are not acting correctly then we can act as an independent advisor.
Whilst we are based in Chelmsford, our party wall surveyors are and indeed do travel across the UK visiting clients in the south east of England, but predominantly Essex, London, Norfolk, Cambridge and beyond.
Under the Party Wall etc. Act 1996 it is widely accepted that the appointed agreed surveyor, building owners surveyor and adjoining owners surveyor cannot get paid until an Award has been issued setting out what their fees are. The only surveyor under the statutory legislation (s.10(11)) that can be paid prior to release of an Award is the third surveyor. This is because the third surveyor does not have a statutory appointment and/or a contract at common law with either the appointed surveyors and/or building and adjoining owners, neither does a s.10(4) surveyor.
This point was raised by Philip Antino in Mohamed v Antino & Stevens (2017), and further reinforced by Ray Stevens (the third surveyor). The matter was before HHJ Bailey and it was accepted that the third surveyor had no contractual obligations and therefore had considerable difficulties of getting paid outside of the Act. Clearly this issue must have been the underlying purpose behind the third surveyor’s right to request payment prior to release of his Award.
Ironically however, this creates a problem for the third surveyor where the owners have refuse to pay his fees. If he does not release his award (because he has not been paid) he will never get paid. So a situation arises where the parties fearing perhaps an adverse decision against them or indeed simply because they do not want to pay any costs, refuse to pay in the belief that the third surveyor will not issue an Award.
There is one particular surveyor who occasionally gets appointed as a third surveyor and openly boasts having a number of third surveyor awards sitting on his shelf. He will not release them because he has not been paid, (which seems to be somewhat counterproductive). If as the Third Surveyor you are not prepared to release the awards prior to payment you might as well not take the third surveyor selection in the first instance.
Notwithstanding, however, with regard to the building and/or adjoining owners surveyors generally party wall matters are concluded quickly and that applies to the majority of cases, being a matter of weeks rather than months or years. There are the odd cases where one party is acting unreasonably and matters become delayed or stalled for a considerable period of time. In such circumstances the issue arises as to whether or not a surveyor is entitled to make an application for an interim payment.
The author as the adjoining owners surveyor did this in one recent party wall matter (still live) where the building owner who is a solicitor took great exception to the request for payment, his appointed surveyor also disputed the right to make an application for an interim payment claiming that unless it can be shown under the Act that there is a right to do so, there is no obligation to pay any monies on account. Well s.10(13) entitles surveyors to make a determination for reasonable costs and s.10(12) for matters arising out of or incidental to.
s.10 (12) (a) (b) & (c)
(12) An award may determine-
(a) the right to execute any work;
(b) the time and manner of executing any work; and
(c) any other matter arising out of or incidental to the dispute including the costs of making the award; but any period appointed by the award for executing any work shall not unless otherwise agreed between the building owner and the adjoining owner begin to run until after the expiration of the period prescribed by this Act for serve of the notice in respect of which the dispute raises or is deemed to have arisen.
s.10 (13) (a) (b) & (c)
(13) The reasonable costs incurred in-
(a) making or obtaining an award under this section;
(b) reasonable inspections of work to which the award relates; and
(c) any other matter arising out of the dispute, shall be paid by such of the parties as the surveyor or surveyors making the award determine
A referral was made to the third surveyor. The third surveyor said that in his view, that where circumstances indicate it is reasonable for a surveyor to be paid a sum on account of their services.
The building owners surveyor claimed that this was simply wrong and that because the third surveyor had now given an indication of how he would rule that he should step down under s.10(9). A tactic now adopted by those having a weak position, claiming that the surveyor could no longer act because of a perceived or actual conflict of interest. That was simply wrong and s.10(2) prevents this. It was ridiculous position to adopt and indeed his appointing owner (solicitor) to suggest that because the surveyor was saying look guys this is actually my view. If you want to make a referral to me I will but this is what I am going to say, created a conflict.
Now the author (Philip Antino) again wrote to the building owners surveyor and said in clear and explicit terms “I have asked for a payment on account, I have not specified the amount and it is open to you to make an offer. It seems sensible to do so, to avoid incurring the cost of a referral to the third surveyor.
The building owners surveyor responded claiming that there are no grounds to make an interim payment but he would happily reach an agreement on the total fees because he believed that the party wall matters had been concluded. Mr Antino did not accept that the matters were concluded.
On the face of it, it seems ludicrous that the building owner and/or more importantly his appointed surveyor should adopt this approach claiming that an interim payment could not be made when matters had been ongoing for over a year. The building owner clearly accepted that there was a liability to pay fees, those fees were subject to discussions/agreement or a referral to the third surveyor on their reasonableness at some stage in the future.
Having accepted liability to pay something they did not advance any offer other than one on a full and final settlement which was not accepted. This was on the face of it quite clearly a ridiculous position to adopt because having now accepted liability that amount became payable.
There is a right in law where there is an accepted liability that payment should be made on account.
The building owners surveyor was again invited to reconsider his position, he was adamant there was no right for an interim payment, and no liability, the referral was made, costs started to accrue at quite an alarming rate.
After several weeks the building owners surveyor changed his position and accepted that an interim payment can be paid but only where liability has been determined. Not realising that his offer of £2,000 was in fact an admission of liability in part.
Having this pointed out to him by Philip Antino they continued to argue the point and it was referred to the third surveyor.
Not surprisingly, the third surveyor determined that interim payments can be (in certain circumstances) reasonable and that as there was an accepted liability for £2,000, that would be a reasonable amount to pay on account with the balance to be agreed between the parties at some time in the future, or by way of a further referral.
The building owner threatened an appeal but did not actually go through with it and has now paid in addition to the £2,000, £910 for Philip’s costs in the referral and £1,250 for the third surveyor.
There is a misconceived position held by a substantial number of party wall surveyors and/or property owners that the party wall surveyor(s) cannot determine the position of the boundary or what is commonly referred under the Act as the line of junction.
On the literal reading of s.1 of the Party Wall etc. Act 1996, which deals with building of new walls on the line of junction and/or repairs to walls on the line of junction, and/or building astride the boundary, the surveyors will have to make a determination as to where they believe the boundary is on order to determine whether or not notice should be served in respect of building a party wall or a party fence wall on the line of junction under s.1(2) or building a new wall on the line of junction but wholly on their land under s.1(4) where an adjoining owner has not consented to works under s.1(2) or indeed under s.1(5 where they simply want to build a wall on the line of junction but wholly on the building owners land. Furthermore, under s.1(6) the building owner has the right to project footings (not special footings) on to the adjoining owners land without written consent.
It must therefore follow that in order to determine which parts of the Act apply and therefore which notice must be served, the party wall surveyors have to make a determination as to the boundary position.
In the majority of party wall disputes, it is relatively straightforward to determine the boundary. Where however there is a dispute as to where the boundary position is, then the surveyors will have to make a determination in order for them to complete their statutory duties, which is to provide an Award that allows an owner to undertake certain works.
When they make their determination on the boundary for the purposes of establishing whether a notice is valid in the first instance and subsequently what works can be undertaken, the surveyors have to recognise and state that they are making a determination on a legal point for the purposes of being able to conclude their statutory duties. It is not a legal determination of the boundary and the parties are not bound by it, insofar as they can challenge that determination by way of an appeal of the Award.
They cannot challenge, in my view, whether the surveyors have the right to make that determination because it must follow that Parliament anticipated the party wall surveyors reaching (even if it is disputed) an option as to where the boundary is, so that valid notices can be served under the legislation.
The party wall surveyors should state within their Party Wall Award, the basis which they are saying the boundary is in that position. It is for the purposes only of determining under the Party Wall Act whether s.1 applies, and then leave it for the owners to challenge if they wish to do so.
The case of Bibizadeh v Dodosh where Mr Philip Antino acting for the adjoining owners (“Dodosh”) and the building owners having served in the first instance notices under s.1(5) to build a wall on the line of junction. They could not agree on the position of the boundary. The Bibizadeh’s attempted to withdraw the notices, which HHJ Bailey recorded in his judgment, could not be done, they refused to appoint a surveyor. As a dispute had arisen Philip Antino appointed under s.10(4) because the building owners had refused to comply with their obligations.
The two surveyors jointly agreed the position of the boundary and served an Award. The Award was initially challenged on a preliminary point which failed, and the Bibizadeh’s then chose to challenge any other aspects of the Award including the boundary position.
A drawing was produced by Philip Antino setting out the boundary position as discussed and agreed between the two surveyors and determined in the Award. Unsurprisingly, that was subsequently challenged by the Bibizadeh’s in later litigation before HHJ Bailey who held that the drawing produced by Philip Antino correctly reflected the position of the boundary. The boundary was then set out in accordance with that drawing by a wholly independent surveyor selected by the Bibizadeh’s and the fence that had been unlawfully removed by the Bibizadeh’s reinstated.
There can be no clearer indication than the decision in this litigation and/or indeed on the literal reading and a common sense approach, that the Act anticipates boundary positions being an issue, and that the surveyors are required to make a determination on a boundary position in order to complete their statutory obligations, in respect of s.1 of the Party Wall etc. Act 1996.
If your neighbour has started work on a building project, that you think may affect your property, you may need our services. Before starting work on a property, they should have asked themselves these questions:
If the answer to any of these questions is 'yes', then your neighbour must serve you a party wall notice and reach an agreement with you.
What is a Party Wall Award?
A Party Wall Award records building works that are to take place on a shared boundary, a party wall or excavations within certain distances. Its aim is to prevent any disputes both before and during building works. It also confirms the exact nature of the works with neighbour/s.
What is a shared boundary?
A shared boundary, also known as a party wall, is a wall that stands on the land of two or more owners. This can be part of a building or structure, such as a garden wall. It can also be a wall that joins the property of one landowner that is used by others.
Other areas that are part of a shared boundary are works or alterations to:
- a shared floor or ceiling with your neighbour
- any excavation within six meters of a connecting property
- repairing shared boundary wall or sewers, spouts, troughs or drains
When should I have received a party wall notice from my neighbour?
A notice is issued at least two months before starting any work. This is known a Party Wall Notice. It should outline the details of the building works, which may affect your party wall or boundary. If the work involves undertaking an excavation, the notice period drops to one month. If the work requires planning permission, permission is not required to serve the Party Wall Notice. Your neighbour then has a year within which to start their building project.
What to do if your neighbour is unaware of the Party Wall etc Act 1996
If you approach your neighbour once work has started, and they were unaware that they had to issue a Party Wall Notice, they should stop works immediately. They should then hire the services of a Party Wall Surveyor to draw up and issue you with a Party Wall Notice.
What to do if your neighbour has knowingly ignored the Party Wall etc. Act 1996
If your neighbour has knowingly not issued a Party Wall Notice, and continues with his building work, you may need to seek an injunction to get them to stop. An injunction can be sought if:
- there has been a failure to serve a Party Wall Notice
- trespassing onto your land has occurred
- there has been damage done to your property
- the works has disrupted the enjoyment of your property
Before seeking an injunction, it is important that you seek advice from a qualified and experienced Party Wall Surveyor. Antino and Associates have a wide range of contacts, throughout the UK and they know barristers and solicitors that specialise in this particular area of law. Issuing an injunction is often the last course of action that people take. It can be a costly, time consuming process that can create bad feelings between neighbours.
If your neighbour does issue you with a Party Wall Notice, you will have fourteen days to respond. You can now either take on the services of your neighbours' Party Wall Surveyor or hire one yourself. There will be no conflict of interest as it is the duty of all Surveyors to act with impartiality. They need to provide objective advice, based on the facts, for every client. Whomever you appoint to work on your behalf, the cost of the hire will fall to your neighbour.
In need of further advice? Do you want to be clear about the legal remits of the work taking place? Then get in touch with a member of our staff on 01245 490 019. Our experienced Party Wall Surveyors deal with all kinds of boundary issues and injunctions. They will confidently advise you of all stages of the process, according to your individual case. Whilst our office is in Chelmsford we have clients across Essex, London and the UK.
I dream of building a large, open-plan kitchen, but don’t want to move home to get one, would a kitchen extension be the solution I’m looking for?
Not only will this type of extension give you the extra room you desire and better flow of space, it could also add value to your home and be considerably cheaper than moving.
A kitchen extension can be a large project, so thorough planning is key. You need to decide on the proposed use of the new extension, for example is it to:
· create a spacious cooking and prep area
· create a combination of separate dining and cooking area
· be able to entertain friends and family more frequently
It’s important to write a list of all the features that you already have in your kitchen, then add the features and appliances that you wish to include in the space. Involving a Kitchen Company at an early stage is also key to achieving your goals. We would recommend www.emersoninteriors.co.uk for your first point of call.
BENEFITS OF BUILDING A KITCHEN EXTENSION
You get to make it your own with full design control
Rather than buying a new home, you get to alter and personalise your existing one. You are in control of creating the additional space in the areas you actually need it.
You'll save time and money
Instead of handing over a huge deposit on a new home and paying solicitors fees, stamp duty and a removal company to get your furniture there, extending your home will save you money in the long run. Cost is affected by how complex the build is and sticking to a simple design can mean paying less. It’s a good idea to avoid having things made to order and take on some of the work yourself - if you’re confident. Labor and materials might cost more for unusual shapes and designs. Building over a manhole might require diverting the drains and incurring further costs and most certainly a license form the local water authority will be required.
You'll increase the value of your home
Extending your kitchen can effectively raise the value of your property as the aesthetics and design will be updated. As well as increasing the square footage, with the right design, your home will become more functional.
So will my kitchen extension require a Party Wall Agreement?
Party Wall Agreements are most commonly needed for building works that involve extensions and loft conversions that require the insertion of damp proof courses and the excavating of new foundations. Before commencing work on your kitchen extension, you (the Building Owner) will need to give the affected neighbours (Adjoining Owners) Notice of your intended works. Their response will dictate whether a Party Wall Agreement is required. This will be prepared by a party wall surveyor and will outline how the works will progress.
To start this process, you will need to serve a Party Wall Notice on your neighbours, in writing, about the planned party wall works. This notice must be given to your neighbour between one and two months before you plan to start building works. You can speak to your neighbour to explain the work you want to carry out, before giving notice in writing.
You must tell your neighbour if you want to:
· build on or at the boundary of the two properties
· work on an existing party wall or party structure
· dig below and near to the foundation level of their property
· dig below and near to any structures on your neighbours property.
Examples of this type of work include:
· building a new wall on the boundary
· cutting into a party wall
· raising the party wall upwards or indeed (basements) downwards
· removing chimney breasts from a party wall
· knocking down and rebuilding a party wall
The Role of the Party Wall Surveyor
The role of the Party Wall Surveyor (or the “Agreed Surveyor” if the two owners can concur in a single appointment) is to prepare a document known as a “party wall award” (sometimes called a “party wall agreement”).This document sets out the owners’ rights and responsibilities in relation to how the work should proceed and covers items such as working hours, what happens in case of damage and access for the surveyor(s) during the course of the works.
What is a Party Wall?
In simple terms a party wall divides the buildings of two owners with the boundary between ownerships, usually, but not always positioned at the centre of the wall. If you live in a semi-detached or terrace house you share a wall (or walls) with your neighbour and that wall is known as a party wall.
Party walls usually separate buildings belonging to different owners, but could include garden walls built astride a boundary known as party fence wall. Where a wall separates two different size buildings, often only the part that is used by both properties is a party wall, the rest belongs to the person or persons on whose land it stands.
What is a party wall used for?
A party wall is for the benefit and convenience of both owners. Each adjoining owner has the right to its full use of the party wall in the improvement and enjoyment of his property. Neither owner can use the wall in a manner that impairs the other's easement or interferes with his or her property rights.
An owner is not entitled to extend the front wall or rear wall of his building beyond the middle of the party wall. In addition, an adjoining owner can position beams into the party wall but not beyond the middle of the wall. Neither party can attach fixtures over the adjoining premises such as window shutters, pipes, gutters etc., even if the fixtures do not damage, or interfere with, the rights of the adjoining owner. An easement does not give either owner a right to construct and maintain a roof or cornice that extends beyond the party wall and over the property of the adjoining owner.
Will my kitchen extension need planning permission?
If the work is classed as permitted development, you won’t need to apply for planning permission, but you may wish to apply for a certificate of lawful development, which proves the project is legal. If you do need planning permission, you will have to apply to the local council, and may need additional reports and drawings. Whichever route you are taking, you will need building regulations approval. It may be necessary to issue a party wall notice if you are building on or close to the boundary with your neighbours.
If you are thinking of building a kitchen extension (or any extension) or are already underway with drawing up your plans get in touch with the team at Antino & Associates on 01245 490 019. We can advise you of next steps to ensure that your project moves forward without any hiccups. Our Party Wall Surveyors are based in Chelmsford but travel across the UK to deal with all types of party wall issues.